Add

Add behaves differently according to the type of the LHS:

  • arrays: concatenate

  • number scalars: arithmetic addition

  • string scalars: concatenate

Use += as append assign for things like increment. Note that .a += .x is equivalent to running .a = .a + .x.

Concatenate and assign arrays

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
val: thing
b:
- cat
- dog

then

yq eval '.a.b += ["cow"]' sample.yml

will output

a:
val: thing
b:
- cat
- dog
- cow

Concatenate arrays

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
- 1
- 2
b:
- 3
- 4

then

yq eval '.a + .b' sample.yml

will output

- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4

Concatenate null to array

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
- 1
- 2

then

yq eval '.a + null' sample.yml

will output

- 1
- 2

Add new object to array

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
- dog: woof

then

yq eval '.a + {"cat": "meow"}' sample.yml

will output

- dog: woof
- cat: meow

Add string to array

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
- 1
- 2

then

yq eval '.a + "hello"' sample.yml

will output

- 1
- 2
- hello

Append to array

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
- 1
- 2
b:
- 3
- 4

then

yq eval '.a = .a + .b' sample.yml

will output

a:
- 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
b:
- 3
- 4

Relative append

Given a sample.yml file of:

a:
a1:
b:
- cat
a2:
b:
- dog
a3: {}

then

yq eval '.a[].b += ["mouse"]' sample.yml

will output

a:
a1:
b:
- cat
- mouse
a2:
b:
- dog
- mouse
a3: {b: [mouse]}

String concatenation

Given a sample.yml file of:

a: cat
b: meow

then

yq eval '.a = .a + .b' sample.yml

will output

a: catmeow
b: meow

Number addition - float

If the lhs or rhs are floats then the expression will be calculated with floats.

Given a sample.yml file of:

a: 3
b: 4.9

then

yq eval '.a = .a + .b' sample.yml

will output

a: 7.9
b: 4.9

Number addition - int

If both the lhs and rhs are ints then the expression will be calculated with ints.

Given a sample.yml file of:

a: 3
b: 4

then

yq eval '.a = .a + .b' sample.yml

will output

a: 7
b: 4

Increment numbers

Given a sample.yml file of:

a: 3
b: 5

then

yq eval '.[] += 1' sample.yml

will output

a: 4
b: 6

Add to null

Adding to null simply returns the rhs

Running

yq eval --null-input 'null + "cat"'

will output

cat